Squatting - Correct Technique

Squatting – Correct Technique

I have recently attended a Body Pump class and found it incredibly enjoyable (although I was sore for a few days afterwards). Body Pump (or similar) is a great class as it combines the effects of resistance training and cardiovascular training at the same time.

One concern I have is that some of the people in the class were squatting incorrectly, and this can lead to problems especially in the lower back and knee areas. Although the instructors are giving the right advice there are still a few common faults that are occurring and I will attempt to address them.

Proper squatting technique is relatively simple. Basically it’s what we do to sit down or stand up, but there are a few things you need to concentrate on.

Firstly before you do a squat you should make sure you have your feet a shoulder width apart, shoulders blades down and back, and your abs tight (as these reduce the stress on the spine). Then the movement is only bending at the hips and the knees. The two most common faults occur here. The first fault being flexing through the lumbar spine and not the hips. Keeping your abs tight and keeping your head up should help reduce this tendency.

The second fault is that people allow their knees to go past their toes. This places great stress on the ligaments of the knees and the kneecap. Generally this occurs as people lack the balance or strength to stay back. Movement should be down to approximately 90 degrees and slow and steady.

I would strongly suggest that all of you should practice this technique in your own time so that you can get it perfect. You can do this without weights anywhere any time. It’s very hard to improve your technique during a class when you are trying to keep up and are concentrating on timing and other things.

If you begin to experience lower back, neck or knee pain during or after a class come and see us. The sooner you see someone after a problem begins, the quicker we can have you back doing your exercises and feeling good. If you leave it, it will continue to get worse and could become a serious problem which may affect a lot more than just your gym routine.

Happy exercising!


If you have any further questions regarding an exercise injury or any other condition, please feel free to contact Alpha Physiotherapy and book an appointment on (07) 3279 3871.

Author Info

Scott Hewett

Scott Hewett has owned and operated Alpha Physio since 1996. He is dedicated to relieving all kinds of complaints from migraines and headaches, to long term post surgery mobility. If you have new, old, or niggling pain, call Alpha Physio on 3279 3871.

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